In 1933, FDR declared a state of Emergency, using the War and Emergency Powers Act of 1873, and in doing so, FDR, literally, USURPED THE CONSTITUTION.
It was the NEW DEAL of 1933.
See : Senate report 93-549 FOR PROOF!
(Note : In some nations today, who operate under constitutional law, they have hundreds of Amendments, to regulate government power. Our nation, under the New Deal of 1933, abandoned the amendment process to grant powers, and FDR pressured the Supreme Court, to ACCEPT the idea that the commerce clause, gives the Federal government the power to regulate all commerce, which while true is not meant to grant unlimited powers in anyway... as everyone can see, such is not the intention of the constitution or our founding fathers.
And then FDR forced all the people into COMMERCIAL contract agreements, based on commerce so as to gain unlimited power to control all, and as legally contract agreements superced all other forms of law, because if we willingly give ourselves up as slaves, by contract, then its legal, however, FDR and the New Deal of 1933, DID NOT GIVE US A CHOICE, and that form of forced contracting with ALL the people, is literally, by definition, nation wide debt-enslavement.)
Summary : The founding fathers established the Common Law legal system, to protect them from the governments efforts to write laws to control us... YOU AND ME, as free people.... they, the federal government HAD NO POWERS, to write laws over the free people....
THAT IS THE POINT OF THE COMMON LAW LEGAL SYSTEM. TO PROTECT THE PEOPLE, FROM UNLIMITED LAW MAKING BY GOVERNMENT AGENTS, WHO..... WISH TO CONTROL EVERYTHING.
Common Law freedom, as Common Law courts... WAS FREEDOM.
Sadly, FDR... took away freedom in 1938 when he used those un-constituional Emergency War Powers established in 1933, to throw out 150 years of Common Law history, and started ANEW with the modern Statute Court system, based on contract law, and (illegal) forced contracts........ thats a fact.
Thats how they found ways... to force us all to give up freedom in exchange for servitude to a new un-constitutional Federal Government...... fact.
It was the NEW DEAL of 1933 which caused the problems of today.
The NEW DEAL, was exactly that, a ''''NEW'''' DEAL.
AS COMPARED TO THE 'OLD' DEAL...
And what was the OLD DEAL??????
THE OLD DEAL... was constitutional law and constitutional limits.
It was the Depression, the government was bankrupt and broke, Congress was without solutions, and the Bankers offered a solution.... as... never ending perpetual bankruptcy, by enslaving the people and lands as the colateral on never ending loans... (loans from a new re-organized Federal Reserve!)... never ending loans = never ending debt...= equals = perpetual debt slavery of the people of a nation that falls prey to this unconstitutional and literally criminal investment tactic, which is fiat debt currency.
The NEW DEAL OF 1933... WAS.. literally.. suspend constitutional law, and allow the Federal government to have unlimited power..... unlimited ... literally, AS IF IT COULD BE TRUSTED WITH IT.
It was the depression, people were starving, and the people gladly accepted the NEW DEAL of 1933 policies, if it solved the present problems.... and it did so, but it did so, by placing many chains upon the people, chains... which are completely un-constitutional and literally robbed all Americans of true freedom.
I.E.... Forced contracting... which is literally... slavery.
These new chains created in 1933... were mandatory Federal citizenship, corporate entity identification via the mandatory Social Security system, and the presumption of contractural agreements based on the commerce clause, forced contracting, and a controlled media and education system. WITH THEN, a new legal system 1938, to make it possible for the Federal Government to FORCE TAXATION, to insure the constant profit margin for the investors (owners) of the new Federal Reserve system.
At first, these chains were light.... but after 80 years... even YOU... reading this... have started to feel those chains, those limits, those endless laws and rules, those massive taxes, and you ask yourself.... HOW CAN THIS BE FREEDOM?????????
THE ANSWER is : Its not freedom...... WE LOST FREEDOM IN 1933, WITH THE NEW DEAL. Freedom, meant the Common Law legal system... and sady, FDR took away Common Law Freedom in 1938, and replaced it with the Statute court system and Civil Liberties (TO BE ABLE TO ENFORCE TAXATION WITH A GUN!), and for 80 years they have worked hard to convince the people that Civil Liberties is Freedom, when in fact, Civil Liberties is a chain of slavery to unlimited Federal powers... Powers to control the people, which are powers the Constitution does not provide... AT ALL!!!
The NEW DEAL OF 1933..... was... Usurp the Constitution.
I say to YOU..... we must restore it.
This page may ramble on, but its worth reading, and you should research the information for yourself, and you will be shocked to actually discover that indeed, I'm right... we have lost Constitutional law... and have been royally screwed.
But again... I say its not too late, we can fix the problem.
I, as president, will do so, by offering a New Deal for 2012 to fix the problems created in 1933.
At the bottom of this page, is the actual Constitution of the U.S.A. And my comments about it are in green.
1) FACT : THE US CONSTITUTION has been SUSPENDED as the rule of law since 1933, by a declared state of emergency.
The purpose of the Constitution is suposed to be as the rule of Law, as per ...
Article. VI. - Debts, Supremacy, Oaths
All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding. (Meaning the U.S. Constitution is the supreme Law of the land, and that State Constitutions may not contradict it. (Or anything else!))
It's purpose is to set as law, the limits of the power of the government, over the States and we the People.
In 1933, FDR declared a state of Emergency, using the War and Emergency Powers Act of 1873, and that emergency has never been ended, in fact they have added several more on top of that.
See : Senate report 93-549 FOR PROOF!
DURING a declared state of emergency, using the War and Emergency Powers Act of 1873, the Federal government is NO LONGER limited to any rules put forth in the Constitution, and gains, unlimited war powers. And they used it, to slowly DO ALL THE THINGS THE FOUNDING FATHERS TRIED TO AVIOD, LITERALLY, by establishing the Constitution as law! (That is what it is Supposed to be for!!)
These kinds of unlimited powers to control just about everything, eventualy lead to numerious court cases, such as... Wickard v Filburn 317 U.S. 111 (1942)
So much so, that these cases served to justify those continued powers.
However, since the Supreme court, was in acceptance of the Emergency war powers at the time, and recognized that all the people are involved in contractural agreements which usurp their Constitutional rights and protections, that techncally speaking, since there is a pre-existing contractural agreements (Federal citizenship, Social Security, interest bearing bank accounts.) between the Farmer and the Federal Government that in... Wickard v Filburn 317 U.S. 111 (1942), said farmer, is obliged to obey the laws put forth by the un-constitutional Federal government.
And further that since the dispute involves issues of commerce, interstate or otherwise, again the commerce clause, is used to justify that power, and its continuation Based on that commerce clause.
Sadly, they have used these same tactics, to over time, based on contracts, emergency war powers, and the commerce clause, to now, today, be able to reach into our very lives, and control the relationship between parents and their own children, they can take those children away, and can in endless ways controll our every behavior, and place limits on everything we once knew as freedom.
We lost freedom, and cases like Wickard v Filburn 317 U.S. 111 (1942), are themselves... un-just, and in-valid, because they were defined, and declared, using a presumption of agreements in contracts, and the presumption of emergency war powers held by the Federal government, and the presumption, that the commerce clause grants the Federal government the power to regulate everything and anything, that even remotely could, would, or might affect commerce, even at a distance.
I say.. all laws and decisions made since, 1933, are techincally invalid, because they were made based on the presumption of Emergency War Powers, which are technically, UN-CONSTITUTIONAL.
There are many sites worth reading concerning these issues.
Which explains things very clearly... and provided links for consideration.
>The Trading with the Enemy Act (Public Law 65-91, 65th Congress, Session I, Chapters 105, 106, October 6, 1917);
>National Banking System Act (Public Law 73-1, 73rd Congress, Session I, Chapter 1, March 9, 1933);
>Executive Proclamation 2038 (March 6, 1933); Executive Proclamation 2039 (March 9, 1933);
>Executive Orders 6073, 6102, 6111 and 6260;
Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins, 304 US 64, 82 L.Ed. 1188;
>And the United Nations Treaty. (In 1945 the United States gave up any remaining national sovereignty when it signed the United Nations Treaty, making all American citizens subject to United Nations jurisdiction. The "constitution" of the United Nations may be compared to that of the old Soviet Union Constitution )
All documentation is available through your local government document repository library branch or at the Library of Congress.
And what may be most important, is that many 'nay sayers' will site .........
That as a result of 1973, Senate Report 93-549
Congress then in 1976 enacted...........
The National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601-1651)
YET... it reads....
TITLE 50 > CHAPTER 34 > SUBCHAPTER I > § 1601§ 1601.
Termination of existing declared emergencies
(a) All powers and authorities possessed by the President, any other officer or employee of the Federal Government, or any executive agency, as defined in section 105 of title 5, as a result of the existence of any declaration of national emergency in effect on September 14, 1976, are terminated two years from September 14, 1976. Such termination shall not affect—
(1) any action taken or proceeding pending not finally concluded or determined on such date;
(2) any action or proceeding based on any act committed prior to such date; or
(3) any rights or duties that matured or penalties that were incurred prior to such date.
(b) For the purpose of this section, the words “any national emergency in effect” means a general declaration of emergency made by the President.
All powers and authorities possessed by the President, any other officer or employee of the Federal Government, or any executive agency, as a result of the existence of any declaration of national emergency in effect on September 14, 1976........ ARE RETAINED.... IF THEY ARE proceeding pending, not finnally concluded, or not determined, or any act proceeding based on any act prior to 1976, or involve any rights, duties, penalties, incurred prior to 1976.
In otherwords, this ACT, This termination, has no effect on long standing previously established powers given, or acts of law set forth and accepted by the courts, from before 1976.
WHICH MEANS IT IS A SHAM... either way... which does nothing to end the emergency war powers granted by a state of emergency! And, because if the Federal government retains all its established war powers, even after the Congress ends the Emergencies, then it is the same thing as if the Emergency never stopped, because the powers still retained, and presently held by Congress and the Presidency, is not granted by the Constitution as proper powers.
So.. some, in fact many, will say this act ended the states of Emergency, but all you have to do is ask, "If the government retains, emergency war powers, even after an emergency is ended, then legally, that means, the CONSTITUTION is still not in effect, because the PURPOSE of the CONSTITUTION is to limit the powers of the Federal Government!!!!!... and if, the Federal government still has emergency war powers like it used to have (1933-1976), then, IT'S STILL AN UN-CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT, BECAUSE IT IS NOT LIMITED TO THE CONSTITUTION AND ITS RULES AND LIMITS..... PERIOD... It's a sham.. wool pulled over your eyes.
2) Every politician in congress, including the president, swears an oath, TO UPHOLD, DEFEND, AND PROTECT THE U.S. CONSTITUTION!!!
THE AMERICAN PEOPLE HAVE BEEN ROBBED, and every congressman knows this, and they violate their oaths of office with each day that they do not stand against it!!!
3) The supreme court members... know.. that the emergencies are still in place, or that the powers granted as 1933 unlimited war powers are accepted law, and willingly accept it, and instead of ruling based on the RULE OF LAW of the Constitution, now since 1938, and still after 1976 rule based on vague perspectives about the intent, which arguably is not what they should be or are supposed to do. If the Constitution is the rule of law, then it should be just that, and as such, its exact wording determines the law, not opinions there of. Their job should be to fully recognize the meaning and intent, and rule based on the words.
BUT... They know... legally... if an emergency is in place, then legally, the Federal Government has unlimited powers, and only needs to adhere to the principles enough so as to be able to fool the public by making the argument that they follow it as a guide.
Or, if the 1976 act, ended the Emergencies, the Supreme court can argue that, the powers accepted, and court decisons made, and precedent established, and procedures accepted, shall not be affected, and that the only thing dropped, and eliminated by the National emergencies ACT of 1976, is that they dropped the term, "state of Emergency", in describing the powers granted over the years between 1933 and 1976.
Which is a sham. And now, "State of Emergency" only applies to new declarations there of.
If the Governments war powers from 1933, are retained after 1976, then it is still an un-constititonal government!! The Constitution is not supposed to be a guide, it is supposed to be the rule of law, in clear english.
4) The school systems teach this... as the NEW DEAL OF 1933... but... the government run schools.. DONT TEACH THE DETAILS... THEY DONT ACTUALLY EXPLAIN IT... and they use it, to be able to say, the people are informed, and therefore have their informed consent, since they were informed. Which is just a sham., because they dont teach enough information to allow the people to understand what they have lost.
5) In 1933 / 1938, FDR forced all Americans into Federal citizenship, which gives the Federal Government the power to impose any laws as statutes that they see fit, over the people, and they did so, so as to enforce taxation, and over the past 80 years, have robbed us all of every shred of freedom the American people once had, by raising the children of America to think that the existing statute court system, is constitutional, WHEN IN FACT, IT IS NOT.. IT IS A SHAM.. a crime against freedom, and they have used it to fill the prisons with literally millions of people, who under the Constitution should never of been arrested in the first place, all of which, HAS NOT MADE US SAFER, since they reduced the punishment for REAL CRIMINALS, in exchange for the power to make endless laws... it was a rip off... Now, REAL violent criminals, get to watch TV, instead of doing hard labor, and the rest of the people must obey 66 million laws.
It was an experiment in law, started in 1933... a sham... and it doesnt work.
THE CIVIL LIBERTIES WERE CREATED IN 1933!! TO REPLACE OUR REAL CONSTITUTIONAL FREEDOM!! (Which they took away!!!)
THAT IS A FACT!
We want our freedom back, ( Constitutional freedom, NOT ACLU protected civil liberties ) And we want the ACLU re-organized to support the Common Law of the Constitution, and we want as such the common law justice of the Constitution restored, which will CLOSE the REVOLVING DOOR PRISONS for good, by providing real punishment for real crimes, as a real deterrent.
We must all demand, loudly, that the Constitution be restored as the RULE OF LAW! Anything less is un-acceptable.
AND THE ONLY WAY TO RESTORE THE CONSTITUTION, is to demand that all declared states of emergency, and or their provided war powers, are ended!!!!
The emergency war powers must end, and constitutional law must be restored. The Federal government must be limited to powers provided for by law. And that document of law, is the Constitution.
And any argument to the contrary to its restoration as law, should be considered an act of foolishness or deliberate treason against that CONSTITUTION!
They must not be allowed to wave the flag, and sing the praises of the Constitution, and SPIT on it at the same time.
WHICH IS WHAT THEY HAVE BEEN DOING FOR 80 YEARS.
Dont be fooled America, take back your country!
The Constitution of the United States
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Article. I. - The Legislative Branch
Section 1 - The Legislature
All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
Section 2 - The House
The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State
No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. (Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.)
(The previous sentence in parentheses was modified by the 14th Amendment, section 2.)
The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five and Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
Section 3 - The Senate
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, (chosen by the Legislature thereof,) (The preceding words in parentheses superseded by 17th Amendment, section 1.) for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year; (and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.) (The preceding words in parentheses were superseded by the 17th Amendment, section 2.)
(The 17th amendment effectively robbed the states of representation, by taking it out of the hands of the state legislature to appoint Senators who would vote based on the will of the State governments. And gave that appointment to the voters, who already have representation in the House. Thereby ending State sovereignty to have Federal representation.)
No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.
The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided. The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.
The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present. Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.
Section 4 - Elections, Meetings
The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Place of Chusing Senators.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall (be on the first Monday in December,) (The preceding words in parentheses were superseded by the 20th Amendment, section 2.) unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.
Section 5 - Membership, Rules, Journals, Adjournment
Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.
Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behavior, and, with the Concurrence of two-thirds, expel a Member.
Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.
Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
Section 6 - Compensation
(The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States.) (The preceding words in parentheses were modified by the 27th Amendment.) They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.
No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.
Section 7 - Revenue Bills, Legislative Process, Presidential Veto
All bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills. Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively.
If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.
Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.
Section 8 - Powers of Congress
The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; To borrow money on the credit of the United States; To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes; To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
To coin Money, (Real comodity based money) regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures; To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States; To establish Post Offices and Post Roads; To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries; To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court; To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas (not on all our land), and Offenses against the Law of Nations; To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years; (Which is why congress must regularly approve funding for the army.)
To provide and maintain a Navy; To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces (Not the people); To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) (Which is not the whole land mass of the nation!) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings; And To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. (In other words, these powers vested into the Federal government are limited to properties owned and operated by it!)
Section 9 - Limits on Congress
The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.
The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it. (Common Law protection!!!)
No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed. (No capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.) (Section in parentheses clarified by the 16th Amendment.)
(The Federal Reserve Act was legislated post-facto (to 1870) which is illegal as stated here!)
No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State. No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.
No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time. (The Federal Reserve is a private corporation which presently is not accountable to publish any of its dealings, as its stock holder are secret, and the distribution of tax Dollars are never made public. And this is because today, the Federal Reserve is not part of the U.S. Treasury. The Federal Reserve is a seperate sovereign power, with stock holders.)
No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince or foreign State.
Section 10 - Powers prohibited of States
No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility. (Yet the States allow debt based fiat money from the Federal Reserve!!! and it must stop!)
No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.
No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.
Article. II. - The Executive Branch
Section 1 - The President
The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice-President chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows: Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector. (The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not lie an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two-thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice-President.) (This clause in parentheses was superseded by the 12th Amendment.)
The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States. No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States. (In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.) (This clause in parentheses has been modified by the 20th and 25th Amendments.)
The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them. Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States." (Which is usurped if ever a state of emergency is declared!)
Section 2 - Civilian Power over Military, Cabinet, Pardon Power, Appointments
The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to Grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offenses against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment. He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.
Section 3 - State of the Union, Convening Congress
He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.
Section 4 - Disqualification
The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.
Article III. - The Judicial Branch
Section 1 - Judicial powers
The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
Section 2 - Trial by Jury, Original Jurisdiction, Jury Trials
(The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority; to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction; to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party; to Controversies between two or more States; between a State and Citizens of another State; between Citizens of different States; between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.) (This section in parentheses is modified by the 11th Amendment.)
In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make. The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.
Section 3 - Treason
Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
(The trading with the enemies Act, declared that foreign investors are labled enemies. And so must be licenced to do business in the U.S. Yet, FDR and all modern Congress allows global investors to own the profits of the Federal Reserve which is giving them aid and comfort, and adhereing to them. And as shown... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trading_with_the_Enemy_Act the U.S. citizen was declared the enemy in 1933, but foreign and domestic investment powers were given control of our Federal Reserve!!!!! Its wrong!)
The Congress shall have power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.
Article. IV. - The States
Section 1 - Each State to Honor all others
Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
Section 2 - State citizens, Extradition
The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States. A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime. (No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, But shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.) (This clause in parentheses is superseded by the 13th Amendment.)
Section 3 - New States
New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new States shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.
The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.
Section 4 - Republican government
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence. (But the 17th amendment removed the rights of State legislatures having actual representation!)
Article. V. - Amendment
The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate. (Again we must ask, if the states ever willingly gave up representation?? I dont think so.!)
Article. VI. - Debts, Supremacy, Oaths
All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding. (Meaning the U.S. Constitution is the Law of the land, and that State Constitutions may not contradict it.)
The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.
Article. VII. - Ratification
The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same. Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth.
In Witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names.
Go Washington - President and deputy from Virginia
New Hampshire - John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman
Massachusetts - Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King
Connecticut - Wm Saml Johnson, Roger Sherman
New York - Alexander Hamilton
New Jersey - Wil Livingston, David Brearley, Wm Paterson, Jona. Dayton
Pensylvania - B Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robt Morris, Geo. Clymer, Thos FitzSimons,
Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson, Gouv Morris
Delaware - Geo. Read, Gunning Bedford jun, John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, Jaco.
Broom Maryland - James McHenry, Dan of St Tho Jenifer, Danl Carroll
Virginia - John Blair, James Madison Jr.
North Carolina - Wm Blount, Richd Dobbs Spaight, Hu Williamson
South Carolina - J. Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Charles Pinckney, Pierce
Butler Georgia - William Few, Abr Baldwin
Attest: William Jackson, Secretary
The following are the Amendments to the Constitution. The first ten Amendments collectively are commonly known as the Bill of Rights.
Amendment 1 - Freedom of Religion, Press, Expression. Ratified 12/15/1791.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Amendment 2 - Right to Bear Arms. Ratified 12/15/1791.
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. (Meaning that since a militia is made up of the people, that those people are allowed to posess and carry and store arms, and that in time of need they may be called upon to defend the land.)
Amendment 3 - Quartering of Soldiers. Ratified 12/15/1791.
No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
Amendment 4 - Search and Seizure. Ratified 12/15/1791.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. (This is violated under modern Civil Liberties, based on Federal citizenship!!! Because today, inumerable statutes are treated as real 1791 Common Law crimes.)
Amendment 5 - Trial and Punishment, Compensation for Takings. Ratified 12/15/1791.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law (1791 Common Law); nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. (Which means, no person can be held and arrested for a felony, which is a Federal statute Offence punishable by more than one year, except by a grand jury indictment. but today, with Civil Liberties, they arrest people everyday for Felonies, which they could not do if the Constitution was law!!!! People are only supposed to be subject to the Common Law, and as by a grand jury indictment!!!) (And property cannot be taken without compensation!!!!)
Amendment 6 - Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses. Ratified 12/15/1791.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
Amendment 7 - Trial by Jury in Civil Cases. Ratified 12/15/1791.
In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. (The Common law is the only law which is meant to apply to people, based on the Magna Carta, to protect the people from the government and its attempt to write endless laws.)
Amendment 8 - Cruel and Unusual Punishment. Ratified 12/15/1791.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. (Hard labor was not considered cruel or unusual.)
Amendment 9 - Construction of Constitution. Ratified 12/15/1791.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. (In other words, the Constitution does not reduce natural rights, nor can it be changed to remove stated rights held by the people, which is protected by the Common Law!)
Amendment 10 - Powers of the States and People. Ratified 12/15/1791.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. (In other words, powers not granted to the Federal government by the Constitution are reserved to the States and people, AND THE ONLY WAY for the Federal government to gain any power is via Constitutional amendment.)
Amendment 11 - Judicial Limits. Ratified 2/7/1795.
The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State. (Since the Federal Reserve and IRS are owned by foreign investors, it should have no power to exercise law or bring suit in our land!)
Amendment 12 - Choosing the President, Vice-President. Ratified 6/15/1804.
The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;
The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted; The person having the greatest Number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.
The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice- President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
Amendment 13 - Slavery Abolished. Ratified 12/6/1865.
1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
(But in 1933, FDR forced all U.S. citizens to pay a never ending debt, derived from taxation, to pay the interest on loans from foreign investors and lendors, and as such, created nation wide debt slavery, where the people must work to pay a never ending debt, and it is involuntary, because if we refuse, we go to jail.) (Debt slavery is slavery where the slave is free to roam around, but must work until the debt is paid off, but the debt to the Federal Reserve cannot be paid off, and the people must work to pay off the interest forever, which is national debt slavery!!!)
2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment 14 - Citizenship Rights. Ratified 7/9/1868.
1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the (Federal) United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the (Federal) United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law (Federal Law); nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws (Federal Law). (This was written for ex-slaves who had no protection under the Common Law in the southern states, and this was used to force those states to treat them fairly, but his amendment was not intended to apply to already free people, as it robs free people of Common Law protection, by placing them under Federal jurisdiction which can then impose endless Federal statute laws upon them!!! And so, it was in 1933, 70 years later, that FDR forced it on all the people, and the people being confused accepted it due to the depression and with the bribe of the repeal of alcohol prohibition!.. it was a scam!!! And it robbed us all of freedom! By forcing all the people to adopt Civil Liberties! and under Civil Liberties as 14th amendment citizens, they grant the Federal government the power to write statute laws to apply to them, which would not be the case, if they were free people!!!)
2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.
4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
Amendment 15 - Race No Bar to Vote. Ratified 2/3/1870.
1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment 16 - Status of Income Tax Clarified. Ratified 2/3/1913.
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
(Many say this was not ratified properly, and if not, then it is null and void.)
Amendment 17 - Senators Elected by Popular Vote. Ratified 4/8/1913.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.
When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.
(This amendment ended the power of States to appoint Senators, which robbed the States of actual representation, which is what the Senate is supposed to be for!)
Amendment 18 - Liquor Abolished. Ratified 1/16/1919. Repealed by Amendment 21, 12/5/1933.
1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
(This is a perfect example of the Common Law protection of the freedom of the people, because the only way the Government can prevent the people from doing as they please under the Common Law, is by a Constitutional amendment!! But after 1933, they ended constitutional law, and the Federal government gave itself the power to write any laws without needing an amendment to make drugs or anything else illegal!
That shows the difference before 1933, and after 1933... between Common Law freedom, and Civil Liberty servatude! Between Constitutional law, and an unconstitutional government!)
Amendment 19 - Women's Suffrage. Ratified 8/18/1920.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment 20 - Presidential, Congressional Terms. Ratified 1/23/1933.
1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.
2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.
3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.
4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.
5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.
6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.
Amendment 21 - Amendment 18 Repealed. Ratified 12/5/1933.
1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.
2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
3. The article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Amendment 22 - Presidential Term Limits. Ratified 2/27/1951.
1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President, when this Article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.
2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.
Amendment 23 - Presidential Vote for District of Columbia. Ratified 3/29/1961.
1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.
2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment 24 - Poll Tax Barred. Ratified 1/23/1964.
1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment 25 - Presidential Disability and Succession. Ratified 2/10/1967.
1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.
3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.
4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President. Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.
Amendment 26 - Voting Age Set to 18 Years. Ratified 7/1/1971.
1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment 27 - Limiting Congressional Pay Increases. Ratified 5/7/1992.
No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
Today our government has the powers to create any number of Federal Laws, and Regulartory departments, to control anything, anyone, and everything, which as a power is not provided for in the Constitution, and this is done by way of using emergency war powers granted to the Federal government in 1933.
But sadly, as this shows.... Since the Federal government has the power to do things today, which the Constitution does not grant it the power to do, then it is proof that the Constitution is no longer in effect and is suspended, because the purpose of the Constitution is to limit the powers of the Federal government over the people and the States. Whereby if it does not follow those Constitutional limits, then there is no Constitutional Law, and the Constitution then becomes only a vague guide. Which is not what it is supposed to be.
I am here to say the Constitution must be restored as law, and in doing so, we may grant the government powers, but to do so, it must be via constitutional amendment, and no other way, otherwise the Constitution is no longer of any use, other than a crude guide for government structure, and that is a disgrace to our nation, our people and to the founding fathers who established this Constitution for our protection.